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Artichoke Varieties  

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  Artichoke Varieties

Green Globe Artichoke
Geographic Area
Growing Seasons



A Year-round Variety
Description:
Globe-shaped in winter
and spring
Conical in summer and fall
Green color, some purple at base in summer
Thorns prominent in summer and fall. Less developed in winter and spring.
Compact appearance
Winter harvests may show frost damage on outer bracts, a cosmetic defect only. Frost tends to enhance "nutty" flavor of artichoke.

Size:

18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 count, large loose (cocktail) and small loose (baby)

Characteristics:

Good edibility on bracts (petals)
Heavy bottom (heart) relative to size
All marketed sizes are mature.

Seasonality:

Year-round availability with a spring peak period

Method of Propagation:

Cloned from root stock

Handling:

Refrigerate at 34 degrees F. (0 degrees C)
Keep moist - 95% humidity
OK to "top ice"
Trim stems and place in crushed ice for best appearance.

Geographic Area:

Central coast of California with a heavy concentration near Castroville.

Desert Globe Artichoke

Geographic Area

Growing Seasons



A Winter & Early Spring Variety
Description:
Shape varies conical to round throughout season.
Green color
Thorns, but not prominent
Compact appearance
Winter harvests may show frost damage on outer bracts, a cosmetic defect only. Frost tends to enhance "nutty" flavor of artichoke.

Size:

18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 count, large loose (cocktail) and small loose (baby)

Characteristics:

Bracts (petals) have good, edible portions.
Bottoms (hearts) are well-developed.
All marketed sizes are mature.

Seasonality:

Winter through early spring

Method of Propagation:

Seed

Handling:

Refrigerate at 34 degrees F. (0 degrees C)
Keep moist - 95% humidity
OK to "top ice"
Trim stems and place in crushed ice for best appearance.

Geographic Area:

Southern California inland desert valleys.
Oxnard: coastal valley

Big Heart Artichoke

Geographic Area

Growing Seasons



A Thornless Variety
Description:
Thornless
Shape generally conical. Wide base even more pronounced in summer.
Green color with purple tinge most pronounced at base of artichoke. Purple more pronounced in summer.
Winter harvests may show frost damage on outer bracts, a cosmetic defect only. Frost tends to enhance "nutty" flavor of artichoke.

Size:

8, 18, 24, 36, 48 count

Characteristics:

Good flavor
Wide heart

Seasonality:

Nearly year-round availability

Method of Propagation:

Big Heart" was among the first commercially available seed-propagated artichoke. Grown as an annual, plantings can be staggered for year-round harvest.

Handling:

Refrigerate at 34 degrees F. (0 degrees C)
Keep moist - 95% humidity
OK to "top ice"
Trim stems and place in crushed ice for best appearance.

Geographic Area:

Lompoc: coastal valley north of Santa Barbara, California.
Imperial: inland desert valley

Imperial Star Artichoke

Geographic Area

Growing Seasons



A Year-Round, Thornless Variety
Description:
Thornless
Glossy, green color
Shape generally conical; seasonal variations will be rounded
Compact appearance.
Winter harvests may show frost damage on outer bracts, a cosmetic defect only. Frost tends to enhance the flavor.

Size:

18, 24, 36, 48, 60 count

Characteristics:

Edible stem
Bracts (petals) have good, edible portions
Bottoms (hearts) are well-developed

Seasonality:

Year-round with peak production in spring

Method of Propagation:

Seed
Developed by and licensed through the University of California

Handling:

Refrigerate at 34 degrees F. (0 degrees C)
Keep moist - 95% humidity
OK to "top ice"
Trim stems and place in crushed ice for best appearance.

Geographic Area:

Widely adaptable
Imperial and Coachella valleys.
Sacramento/San Joaquin valleys
Central coast of California
 
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