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Help!!! Bread did not rise.

post #1 of 19
Thread Starter 
I have an old recipe from my Nonni which contains eggs, sugar, milk, butter, yeast, etc. Sometimes it rises & sometimes it doesn't.  It is a sweet bread and I thought the recipe called for 1 cup of sugar and the bread worked for that recipe but it wasn't as sweet as Nonn's so when I checked the recipe again ( I had reduced the recipe because my mixer couldn't handle the full recipe) I had reduced the sugar too much and it was supposed to be 2 cups of sugar. That time though the bread would not rise at all.  Does the amount of sugar and the amount of yeast affect the recipe.  I used 3 packets of dry yeast with 1 cup of sugar.  I didn't increase the yeast when I made the second recipe with 2 cups of sugar.  Should I have increased the amount of yeast when I increased the amount of sugar?
post #2 of 19
Have you checked the expiration date on the yeast? Sounds like that's your problem.

How much flour in that recipe? I ask because if you've halved it, and it still calls for 2 cups of sugar, that seems like an awful lot. It might help if you posted the entire recipe.
They have taken the oath of the brother in blood, in leavened bread and salt. Rudyard Kipling
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They have taken the oath of the brother in blood, in leavened bread and salt. Rudyard Kipling
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post #3 of 19
1)  You need to at least  proof your yeast in warm water to make sure it's still good.

2)  Your room may be have been too cold.

3)  The dough may have been too cold.

There's a formula for water+flour+air temperature.  I don't remember what it is.  You don't need it to be exact.  You can come close and have good results.  Moving this to baking.
post #4 of 19
Quote:
Originally Posted by Michelle Lindquist View Post

I have an old recipe from my Nonni which contains eggs, sugar, milk, butter, yeast, etc. Sometimes it rises & sometimes it doesn't.  It is a sweet bread and I thought the recipe called for 1 cup of sugar and the bread worked for that recipe but it wasn't as sweet as Nonn's so when I checked the recipe again ( I had reduced the recipe because my mixer couldn't handle the full recipe) I had reduced the sugar too much and it was supposed to be 2 cups of sugar. That time though the bread would not rise at all.  Does the amount of sugar and the amount of yeast affect the recipe.  I used 3 packets of dry yeast with 1 cup of sugar.  I didn't increase the yeast when I made the second recipe with 2 cups of sugar.  Should I have increased the amount of yeast when I increased the amount of sugar?
 


Yeast is alive, but like most other other living things is only happy in a limited rage of conditions.

Whether or not your yeast does it's thing depends on if it was alive to begin with, but also on the chemical and physical properties of what you're putting it into and the physical (temperature/humidity/etc.) conditions where it's rising. If it's added to a solution that's too acid or alkaline or hot or cold or contains too much sugar or not enough sugar or any of a hundred other things, it won't do it's magic.  For example, a little sugar helps yeast to grow, A lot of sugar will kill it.

Also, this might have as much to do with the order you're adding ingredients as anything else. For example, I have a recipe that makes amazing pizza dough if the yeast and sugar and part of the flour is added to the water and allowed to sit for a little while, but makes makes library paste if the salt is added first. Details are everything.

If you post the recipe, I'm sure someone can help you make it work.

Terry
Edited by web monkey - 4/24/10 at 7:13pm
post #5 of 19
I agree.  I would check with the yeast first.  The last time I made bread, I had it sit overnight...
post #6 of 19
as everyone said, check the yeast.

also make sure the sugar is not salt... believe me, it happens. too much salt kills yeast.
post #7 of 19
Do yourself a real favor and get a package of SAF Red Instant Yeast.  I've used it for over two years without proofing and it has performed just fine.  And, it keeps well in the freezer.

Best and I'm a foodie.   I know very little but the little that I know I want to know very well.

 

-T

Brot und Wein
(1 photos)
 
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Best and I'm a foodie.   I know very little but the little that I know I want to know very well.

 

-T

Brot und Wein
(1 photos)
 
Reply
post #8 of 19
If your recipe calls for water and your tap water is too chlorinated that could be the culprit as well. 
post #9 of 19

Very sweet doughs can take longer to rise.  Maybe your nonna's recipe is one of those rough old-fashioned recipes that don-t explain what she thought was obvious,.  I think proofing is not a bad idea - put some warm water in a small cup, for dry yeast, it should be like your bath would be in the winter - very warm but not burning.  sprinkle the yeast on it with a pinch of sugar, while stirring, and then leave till it bubbles.  That means it's not too old to work,  If the ingredients are warm it will rise faster, if cold it will rise slower.  It can take a day or more, and that only develops better flavor, but you may not have the time. 
Be sure, though that
1. you don't kill the yeast with water that's too hot.  Should be comfortable for your hand to sit in it. 
2. you knead well until very elastic. 
It may need a couple hours to rise, give it time. 

"Siduri said, 'Gilgamesh, where are you roaming? You will never find the eternal life that you seek...Savour your food, make each of your days a delight, ... let music and dancing fill your house, love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace.'"
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"Siduri said, 'Gilgamesh, where are you roaming? You will never find the eternal life that you seek...Savour your food, make each of your days a delight, ... let music and dancing fill your house, love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace.'"
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post #10 of 19
Quote:
Originally Posted by Michelle Lindquist View Post

contains eggs, sugar, milk, butter, yeast, etc. 

Here's something else to consider. Eggs, milk and butter all contain fat. The higher the fat content, the more difficult it is to develop gluten properly. The reason fat is referred to as shortening is that it shortens gluten strands. If you are sure that your yeast is OK, trying kneading the dough really, really, really well. Brioche dough, which has a very high fat content, has to get nearly beaten :)
"At weddings, my Aunts would poke me in the ribs and cackle "You're next!". They stopped when I started doing the same to them at funerals." D. Barry
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"At weddings, my Aunts would poke me in the ribs and cackle "You're next!". They stopped when I started doing the same to them at funerals." D. Barry
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post #11 of 19
Originally Posted by KyleW View Post
... The reason fat is referred to as shortening is that it shortens gluten strands.

No.  Not at all true.  Where did you get that?

Short meaning "friable" or "crumbly" has been in the English language for far longer than we've been aware of gluten strand length.  My copy of the OED cites to the early 15th C.

20. Of edible substances: Friable, easily crumbled. Phrase, to eat short: to break up or crumble in the mouth.
a. of crust, pastry, etc. Cf. shortbread, shortcake, short crust.
c1430 Two Cookery Bks. 52 þan take warme Berme, & putte al Þes to-gederys, & bete hem togederys with Þin hond tyl it be schort & Þikke y-now.

Using fat shortens the dough, i.e., makes it crumbly -- like biscuits.  So, fat in baking became known as shortening.

Frequently, very short doughs (like biscuits or pie crusts, e.g.) get very little kneading because kneading makes them tough.  Sweet bread doughs are different than those examples because you want enough chew for them to be breads. 

The rules for kneading sweet breads very similar to more savory breads.  We evaluate by "touch" and stop kneading when the dough is elastic and east to handle rather than any set amount of time or extra kneading. 

BDL
post #12 of 19
Quote:
Originally Posted by boar_d_laze View Post

Originally Posted by KyleW View Post
 


No.  Not at all true.  Where did you get that?

Short meaning "friable" or "crumbly" has been in the English language for far longer than we've been aware of gluten strand length.  My copy of the OED cites to the early 15th C.

Using fat shortens the dough, i.e., makes it crumbly -- like biscuits.  So, fat in baking became known as shortening.

Frequently, very short doughs (like biscuits or pie crusts, e.g.) get very little kneading because kneading makes them tough.  Sweet bread doughs are different than those examples because you want enough chew for them to be breads. 

The rules for kneading sweet breads very similar to more savory breads.  We evaluate by "touch" and stop kneading when the dough is elastic and east to handle rather than any set amount of time or extra kneading. 

BDL

 

I've been laboring under the same misaprehension as Kyle; I thought "shortening" referred to the effect of fat on gluten strands too.

I looked up Harold McGee's explanation of the effects of shortening on bread and the short answer is, food scientists don't really know!

For pie crusts the fat separates layers of gluten strands to make the crust tender.

Ya learn something new every day, eh?
post #13 of 19
 I think this may be symantics, as we seem to be referring to the same phenomenon. Fat/shortening inhibits gluten development.
"At weddings, my Aunts would poke me in the ribs and cackle "You're next!". They stopped when I started doing the same to them at funerals." D. Barry
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"At weddings, my Aunts would poke me in the ribs and cackle "You're next!". They stopped when I started doing the same to them at funerals." D. Barry
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post #14 of 19
I always put the fat in bread AFTER kneading.  I read it greases the gluten strands so they slide easier and if it's put in before it's absorbed into the flour, but if it's pyut in, not melted but cold, after kneading it makes the bread lighter.  It always worked for me.  In fact julia child's recipe for brioche i remember has the butter kneaded in at the end
"Siduri said, 'Gilgamesh, where are you roaming? You will never find the eternal life that you seek...Savour your food, make each of your days a delight, ... let music and dancing fill your house, love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace.'"
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"Siduri said, 'Gilgamesh, where are you roaming? You will never find the eternal life that you seek...Savour your food, make each of your days a delight, ... let music and dancing fill your house, love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace.'"
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post #15 of 19

Hi,

Well not seeing the original recipe it's hard to determine the inconsistencies.

What it means though is you don't do it the same every single time. This is an essential aspect of baking. If you want the same result you have to do the same thing.

In sweet breads the yeast/sugar interaction/ratio is important. Equally important is the liquid temperature. Yeast doesn't wake up under about 110 degrees and dies if it's too hot.


If you want a blow by blow disection of your recipe then let us know the recipe you're working with and we can see what's up with it.

April
 

post #16 of 19
Quote:
Originally Posted by aprildb View Post

In sweet breads the yeast/sugar interaction/ratio is important. Equally important is the liquid temperature. Yeast doesn't wake up under about 110 degrees and dies if it's too hot.


April
 


How come, then, if i make slow rising bread, i use cold water and dry yeast and it works just fine?  I think it just takes longer, not that it doesn't wake up at all.  Too hot, though, yes, that does kill it. 
"Siduri said, 'Gilgamesh, where are you roaming? You will never find the eternal life that you seek...Savour your food, make each of your days a delight, ... let music and dancing fill your house, love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace.'"
Reply
"Siduri said, 'Gilgamesh, where are you roaming? You will never find the eternal life that you seek...Savour your food, make each of your days a delight, ... let music and dancing fill your house, love the child who holds you by the hand and give your wife pleasure in your embrace.'"
Reply
post #17 of 19
You're absolutely correct, Siduri. That's why we can do things like retarded fermentation in the fridge----the yeast is working, just not as vigourously as it would at a higher temperature.
They have taken the oath of the brother in blood, in leavened bread and salt. Rudyard Kipling
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They have taken the oath of the brother in blood, in leavened bread and salt. Rudyard Kipling
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post #18 of 19
At lower temperatures, a slower yeast activity allows the enzymes to have more time in converting additional starch into sugar.  That enzymatic activity translates into improved flavor and a better rise.
Edited by kokopuffs - 5/2/10 at 8:32pm

Best and I'm a foodie.   I know very little but the little that I know I want to know very well.

 

-T

Brot und Wein
(1 photos)
 
Reply

Best and I'm a foodie.   I know very little but the little that I know I want to know very well.

 

-T

Brot und Wein
(1 photos)
 
Reply
post #19 of 19
That enzymatic activity translates into improved flavor and a better rise.

Well, of course, Kokopuffs. Why else would we do it?

Just think about all the things folks like you and I do that cause us to take as much as three days to make a loaf of bread? If that final loaf were no different than one made in a bread machine what would be the point?

Besides which, we get to use that kewl secret language.

All that aside, I wish the original poster would return. There have been a lot of suggestions here that might or might not apply, and if we could get the exact recipe, and a run-down of procedures, it would help to focus on which ones apply.
They have taken the oath of the brother in blood, in leavened bread and salt. Rudyard Kipling
Reply
They have taken the oath of the brother in blood, in leavened bread and salt. Rudyard Kipling
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