with a precision metal working background, honing means different to me than 'realigning' an edge - which us really old fxrts called 'steeling'
as has been pointed out many times by many people, a ceramic "steel" aka rod aka hone aka (whatever else I missed) _can_ have a sufficiently aggressive "grit" that it actual does remove metal and "sharpen" - such ceramic V-rod kits are sold expressly for sharpening.
bottom line: one has to use some care when tossing around the "ceramic" word
the one caveat about metal sticks - they must be harder than the knife itself. otherwise the knife cuts up the stick. this is not normally a problem as the manufacturers kinda' know about how hard things are.....
as for metal steels "ripping metal off the edge" . . . absolutely true - but in my experience, cited for all the wrong reasons.
if you've ever bend a paperclip back and forth until it breaks, you're knowledgeable about "metal fatigue"
a knife edge 'rolling over' and being 'realigned' aka 'bent back' by a steel / hone / whatever-you-call-it produces the same effect.
sooner or later the thin edge fatigues and little chunks come out of the edge. if you don't sharpen your knives until they are so dull they can not cut air butter, a short visit to the edge with a magnifying glass will show a ragged micro-chipped edge.
after some period of use and steeling, the knife edge "taken as a whole" has fatigued to the point the tired old bended and rebended steel needs to be removed and fresh non-fatigued metal brought to the edge - which I call "time to sharpen the knife"
hence the theory that ceramic sticks are more better than steel sticks methinks has a flaw. the fine metal edge is bent back and forth until it fatigues and breaks off. both ceramic and steel bend the fine metal cutting edge back and forth. if a super smooth ceramic / glass stick does not 'chip out' the fatigued bits, then the fatigued bits will "chip out" / detach by friction when the knife is used to cut something.
the material of the 'stick' does not alter the fact that the fine metal cutting edge has been bent back and forth so many times it has failed in fatigue.