Very interesting and rather worrying topic.
It isn't just cooks who don't wash their hands after going to the loo. They did a survey of UK restaurants a few years back, lab testing the bowls of mints you often find in reception. In nearly all cases, those mints were contaminated with urine by customers who took a mint while they were paying their bills.
They probably also shook the maitre d's hand as they were leaving and so urine would also be on the tip they left for the waiting staff etc etc etc
There is no accounting for, or legislating against people's disgusting habits.
I am not a fan, but I have watched many episodes of Gordon Ramsay in kitchens in Europe and the US. Never mind about gloves and masks, the state of some of those kitchens, cold stores and the ransid stuff he finds in containers makes my hair positively stand on end. I mean those guys can really kill you, and they think they are chefs.
These days, I never take a chance and walk into an eatery I don't know from personal experience or by reputation. I'd rather starve.
I cook a lot, and I wash my hands all the time and I change the hand drying towels sometimes twice a day. I don't think you can really work with a nice cut of meat, or a whole salmon without feeling it, as well as looking at it.
In terms of handling raw and cooked food I have all sorts of spoons and slices and things for turning and picking up items, all kept separate and very carefully washed after each use.
Bartenders can prep their lemon and orange etc slices and have toothpicks or tongs, or spoons for putting fruit or ice in glasses. I do hate to see them doing it with their bare hands.
In supermarkets I like to see the cold meat servers wearing gloves, and they seem to change them with each new customer in France. True I haven't noticed them washing their hands with each change.
Fish mongers tend to wear big old rubber gloves for serving, skinning and filleting. I guess those gloves don't get changed too often.
Not sure what the laws are in Europe, but tough regulations or not, as some of you have already pointed out, who is there to look over their shoulders ensuring good personal hygiene?
All very worrying.