Shun, in my experience, are around .020-.025" behind the edge, with a severe convex that makes it seem even thicker. A typical German is around .035 (though the Ikon I have was right around .015, as was the Vic Rosewood a picked up for a review). Of course most folks don't thin their knives and I don't doubt some edges get to be .06+ with time.What exactly does this mean? This is repeatedly stated by a couple of folks on this forum. Compared to what.. or what are the "ideal" measurements for thickness... and who's ideal is it?
This is all way too thick for my preference which is .010" max. A laser probably <.005.
For carbons there are also a lot of choices in Blue #2, which is very nice stuff. Aside from carbons, which the OP may or may not want to deal with, There are many choices in AEB-l stainless, which is about as easy to sharpen well. There are the Richmonds, Kikuichi, Sakai Takayuki, and some others I forget offhand. You can cruise the CKTG site as was suggested to you.
For a small American custom maker there is HHH knives. Murry Carter used to be out of your price range for the most part, except for his small basic Funyakis and nikiris, but his new Muteki line is a great buy. These are all white steel #1 with stainless cladding.